HPLC-MS/MS profiles, antioxidant, neuroprotective, antidiabetic and skin protective effects of different extracts of <i>Vicia peregrina</i> L. collected from the eastern region of Turkey.

Yagi S., Ulusan M. D., Sinan K. I., Caprioli G., Mustafa A. M., Angeloni S., ...More

CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY, vol.21, no.3, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cbdv.202400040
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: antioxidant, enzyme inhibition, phenolics, Vicia peregrina
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Many Vicia species (Fabaceae) were proven to possess bioactive compounds with potential health beneficial properties. The present study was designed to determine the phenolic constituents, antioxidant and enzyme inhibition activities of aerial parts and seed of V. peregrina. Hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts were prepared by maceration and aqueous extract by infusion. The chemical compositions of the extracts were determined using HPLC-MS/MS technology. The antioxidant activities were examined using various assays including free radical scavenging (ABTS and DPPH), reducing ability (CUPRAC and FRAP), metal chelation, and phosphomolybdenum. The enzyme inhibitory effects were investigated against cholinesterase, tyrosinase, amylase and glucosidase. The highest total phenolics and flavonoids contents were recorded in the methanol extracts of the seed (45.42 mg GAE/g) and aerial parts (40.33 mg RE/g) respectively. The aerial parts were characterized by higher accumulation of chlorogenic acid (9893.86 mu g g(-1)), isoquercitrin (9400.33 mu g g(-1)), delphindin 3,5 diglucoside (9113.28 mu g g(-1)), hyperoside (6337.09 mu g g(-1)), rutin (3489.83 mu g g(-1)) and kaempferol-3-glucoside (2872.84 mu g g(-1)). Generally, the methanol and aqueous extracts of the two studied parts exerted the best antioxidant activity with highest anti-DPPH (61.99 mg TE/g), anti-ABTS (101.80 mg TE/g) and Cu++ (16169 mg TE/g) and Fe+++ (172,36 mg TE/g) reducing capacity were recorded from the seed methanol extract. Methanol extract of the seed showed the best anti-tyrosinase activity (75.86 mg KAE/g). These results indicated that V. peregrina is rich with bioactive phenolics suggesting their use in different health promoting applications.