In vitro and in vivo behavior of gamma-irradiated tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) pollen


Akbudak N., Seniz V.

NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF CROP AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, vol.37, no.4, pp.361-367, 2009 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01140671.2009.9687591
  • Journal Name: NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF CROP AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.361-367

Abstract

Pollen viability and germination in vitro and in vivo were influenced by gamma irradiation for dosages of 0 (control), 100, 200, 300, and 400 Gy when this was applied to early and late trusses (1st-5th and 6th-10th) 4 times in a year (early spring, late spring, early autumn, and late autumn) in three cultivars of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) ('Gulle', 'Likya', and 'XPH5811'). The trial was carried out in 2003 and was repeated in 2004. Timing 1 was applied to flowers in trusses 1-5 (early spring, early autumn), and timing 2 to flowers in trusses 6-10 (late spring, late autumn). Exposure of pollen to high gamma doses, 300 and 400 Gy, resulted in the lowest rates of pollen survival and germination. Time of year and cultivar also had affects on pollen viability and germination rates. Viability and germination following exposure to gamma irradiation were not affected by the position of the truss on the plants. In situ pollen tube growth was recorded for all radiation dosages, pollen tubes of irradiated pollen were shown to grow successfully through the style and to enter the ovules.