A hyperbolic summation method to focus B-scan ground penetrating radar images: An experimental study with a stepped frequency system

Ozdemir C., Demirci S., Yigit E., Kavak A.

MICROWAVE AND OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, vol.49, no.3, pp.671-676, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/mop.22230
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.671-676
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


There are many techniques to focus raw B-scan ground penetrating radar (GPR) images mainly distorted from well-known hyperbolic dispersion. In this study, we apply a hyperbolic summation (HS)-type focusing technique to the simulated and measured GPR data at C-band frequencies. The formulation of the proposed HS method is presented. Numerical GPR images for different metal targets are generated by the help of a physical optics simulation code. An experimental set-up is constructed with the help of a stepped frequency radar system and corresponding B-scan images are generated. Proposed HS method is applied to the measured B-scan GPR data. Focused GPR images of different objects were obtained for both the simulated and the experimental data. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.