A Muse Statue from Nikaia: Polyhymnia

ŞAHİN M., Akin M.

OLBA, vol.25, pp.241-250, 2017 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Name: OLBA
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.241-250
  • Keywords: Iznik, Nikaia, Bythinia, Philiskos, Muse, Polyhymnia, Archelaos Relief
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The subject of the article is a female torso which was found possibly in Nikaia and is currently preserved at the Iznik Archaeological Museum. The sculpture, which has been able to reach today in a quite good condition except for the head, stands in a leaning position on a pedestal. It's position, the style of the dress and the work of the folds are typical of the Hellenistic period, and the torso is similar to Polyhymnia, from the muses of Philiskos. Nikaian Muse, should be a new variant of the Polyhymnia type and the closest example to the Philiskos muses, with the possible roll in the right hand, with a silk mantle covering only the hip side and also with the position of the left hand. In other words, this sculpture belongs to a slightly earlier time than the Archelaus relief dating to 130-120 BC. Thus, one more new variant of the type originally created in the middle of the 2nd century BC has been added to the literature. This new variant was especially preferred in the muse sarcophagi of the Roman Imperial period.