Effects of Morphogenetic and Diurnal Variability on the Hypericin Content of St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) Populations Originating from Turkey

Kacar O., Goksu E., Azkan N.

1st International Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Conference on Culinary Herbs, Antalya, Turkey, 30 April 2009, vol.826, pp.221-227 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 826
  • Doi Number: 10.17660/actahortic.2009.826.30
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.221-227
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


This research was conducted to investigate effects of morphogenetic and diurnal variability on the hypericin content of St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) populations originating from Turkey for maximum utilization of the active substance in plants. During 2002 and 2003, field trials were conducted at Uludag University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Bursa. Samples of bud, flower and capsule of H. perforatum L. populations were collected in the second year of cultivation (2003). Factorial arrangements of three H. perforatum L. populations (Bursa, Edirne, Izmir), three part of plant (bud, flower, capsule) and six collection hour (8.00, 10.00, 12.00, 14.00, 16.00, 18.00) were evaluated in a completely randomized design with three replications. Hypericin content (%) in parts of H. perforatum L. populations was determined according to DAC (1986). Consequently, the content of hypericin in the examined populations varied from 0.260% in Bursa to 0.283% in Izmir. Evaluating parts of plant, we also found hypericin content both in floral parts (0.309%) and buds (0.308%) were higher in comparison to capsule tissues (0.208%) for all populations. When collection hours were examined for the hypericin content of plants, the highest content was recorded at 10.00 (0.279%) and the lowest value at 16.00 (0.272%) and 18.00 (0.272%). As a result of this study, it is possible to say that the highest hypericin ratio was determined in flowers and buds generally collected at 8.00 between 10.00 pm with in a day for examined populations.