Effects of stand reduction applied at different plant growth stages on the yield and yield components of components of sunflower Ayciceginde farkli gelisme donemlerinde uygulanan stand kayiplarinin verim ve verim komponentleri uzerine etkisi


GÖKSOY A. T. , Turan Z.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, vol.23, no.3, pp.329-335, 1999 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.329-335
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of stand loss applied at different growth stages on the yield and yield components of sunflower. The research was conducted during two-years (1994-1995) under dry conditions in Bursa. In this study, plant populations were reduced to 25 % and 50 % compared to check (60.000 pants/ha) at the 4-, 8-, 16- leaf and bud stages of sunflower. According to the results, no significant reductions in seed yield occurred when plant populations were reduced by 25 % (45.000 plants/ha) compared to check. However, it was determined that significant reductions in seed yield obtained when stands were reduced 50 % (30.000 plants/ha) from the check. 22 %, 17 %, 29 % and 33 % yield loss occurred when populations were reduced 50 % at the 4-, 8-, 16 leaf and bud stages, respectively. Especially, stand reduction of 50 % at later growth stages (16- leaf and bud stages) resulted in significant yield loss. Significant yield losses were arisen with decrease at head diameter and seeds per head. This observation is substantiated by the high correlations between of both head diameter and seeds per head with yield within 30.000 plants/ha (50 % stand loss) treatments. Because, positive correlations were noted between head diameter and seeds per head with yield at the lowest plant population.