Objective: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia affecting 1% of the adult population. However, ischemic strokes in patients with AF can be triggered by alternative mechanisms, especially in high-risk patients with additional vascular risk factors. In some patients, atherothrombotic mechanisms may cause stroke, and AF may be incidental or a symptom of atherosclerotic disease. In this case, it may be difficult to distinguish cardioembolic stroke from stroke due to large artery atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine the causes of non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke in patients with non-valvular AF and to determine the risk factors for craniocervical atherosclerotic stenosis.