In the present study, poly(ethylene terephthalate)-clay nanocomposite multifilament yarns were prepared using two commercial and four nanoclays synthesized from Resadiye Na-montmorillonite (Na-MMT). Two type multifilament yarns, i.e., fully drawn yarn (FDY) and partially oriented yarn (POY), were melt spun. The FDY yarns were prepared using pilot type Buschaert SpinBoy II CC melt spinning machine with a masterbatch feeding ratio of 4-5% in order to meet industrial machine requirements. The POY spinning was made on the Barmag industrial machine, and the POY yarn was subsequently texturized. All multifilament yarns were prepared via the masterbatch approach, similarly used for the preparation of colored dope dyed yarns. The mechanical properties, flame retardancy, thermal stability, and morphology of produced yarns on melt spinning experiments were analyzed and discussed along with the effect of nanoclay properties such as thermal stability, polymer-clay compatibility, and particle size distribution.