Estimation of heritability for immunoglobulin concentrations in colostrum and serum in Holstein cows and their calves


Duru S. , Abdullahoğlu E., Özlüer A., Filya İ.

Czech Journal Of Animal Science, vol.66, no.5, pp.1-8, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.17221/269/2020-cjas
  • Title of Journal : Czech Journal Of Animal Science
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-8

Abstract

In the present study, colostrum quality in Holstein cows and their genetic parameters for passive transfer traits in calves were estimated. In order to get an estimation, colostrum Brix (ColBrix), colostrum immunoglobulin G (ColIgG) of Holstein cows, and serum total protein (STP) and serum immunoglobulin G (SIgG) levels of the calves of selected cows raised in a private livestock company in Turkey were assessed. Variance components and genetic parameters were estimated by MTDFREML using a mixed model. The heritability ( ) for ColBrix, ColIgG, STP, SIgG were estimated to be 0.19 ± 0.07, 0.19 ± 0.07, 0.36 ± 0.10, and 0.34 ± 0.10, respectively. According to the results of bivariate analysis, genetic correlations between the traits varied between -0.98 and +0.98. There was sufficient genetic variance for the SIgG in the calves in the population and thus a significant genetic improvement may be achieved by selection in order to increase the passive transfer. It will be worthwhile to continue the efforts for genetic improvement studies which have the potential to reduce calf deaths in the future.

In the present study, colostrum quality in Holstein cows and their genetic parameters for passive transfer traits in calves were estimated. In order to get an estimation, colostrum Brix (ColBrix), colostrum immunoglobulin G (ColIgG) of Holstein cows, and serum total protein (STP) and serum immunoglobulin G (SIgG) levels of the calves of selected cows raised in a private livestock company in Turkey were assessed. Variance components and genetic parameters were estimated by MTDFREML using a mixed model. The heritability ( ) for ColBrix, ColIgG, STP, SIgG were estimated to be 0.19 ± 0.07, 0.19 ± 0.07, 0.36 ± 0.10, and 0.34 ± 0.10, respectively. According to the results of bivariate analysis, genetic correlations between the traits varied between -0.98 and +0.98. There was sufficient genetic variance for the SIgG in the calves in the population and thus a significant genetic improvement may be achieved by selection in order to increase the passive transfer. It will be worthwhile to continue the efforts for genetic improvement studies which have the potential to reduce calf deaths in the future.