The phylogeny of diphyllobothriid tapeworms (Cestoda : Pseudophyllidea) based on ITS-2 rDNA sequences


Logan F., Horak A., Stefka J., Aydogdu A. , Scholz T.

PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH, vol.94, no.1, pp.10-15, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00436-004-1164-y
  • Title of Journal : PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.10-15

Abstract

Phylogenetic analysis of sequences of the ITS-2 rRNA genes of 20 samples of pseudophyllidean cestodes of the family Diphyllobothriidae (Ligula, Digramma, Diphyllobothrium, and Schistocephalus) from different hosts and geographical regions revealed that: (1) the inclusion of ligulids (previously family Ligulidae) to the Diphyllobothriidae is correct; (2) Schistocephalus appears as the most basal taxon of the Diphyllobothriidae, well separated from Ligula and Digramma, thus supporting the validity of Schistocephalinae Dubinina, 1962; (3) Digramma belonged with samples of Ligula, thus suggesting its invalidity as a genus; and (4) isolates of Ligula, presumably belonging to Ligula intestinalis, are paraphyletic, indicating that this species may represent a complex of separate taxa. Our results indicate the necessity for a taxonomic revision of the family Diphyllobothriidae.