The Investigation of Acquisition Sufficiency of Physical Education Lesson Aims in A Special Education School in Turkey. A Pilot Study

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Nişli M. Y., Şirinkan A., Acar Z. A., Nişli E. Ö., Toy H.

International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences, vol.4, no.1, pp.24-37, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


The aim of this study was to examine the acquisition sufficiency of physical education lesson goals with the help of Eurofit Test Battery. The study included 41 students with moderate and severe intellectual disability (ID) (9 female, 32 male and 29 mentally retarded, 6 down syndrome (DS) and 5 autism) who were studying at Recep Birsin Özen Special Education School in Erzurum in Turkey. Physical education lessons were conducted an hour for a day and two days for each week during eight weeks. Before and after 8 weeks of study, Eurofit Tests were applied after measuring the height and the weight of the students. Data were compared in Spss 20 statistics program at p<0.05 level. In Eurofit Test parameters of the students with moderate and severe ID; it was found a difference statically in pre-test-post-test comparisons of flamingo balance, plate tapping, sit-up, sit and reach, standing broad jump and 10x5 metre shuttle run. In the physical education and sports classes, the goals chosen according to the students' level improved the physical capacities of the students. The individual goals chosen for the students in the special education school affiliated to the Republic of Turkey Ministry of National Education contributed to the development of balance, fastness, leg strength, upper body movement speed and flexibility of the students and did not only contribute to the development of hand strength, arm strength and abdominal muscle strength of the students. The results of our study and the results of previous studies are parallel.