Building European OLED Infrastructure, Cambridge, England, 6 - 07 June 2005, vol.5961
New extended fluorenylpyridine ligands FlnPy (n=1,3,5) and their triscyclometalated iridium (III) complexes Ir[FlnPy]3 3, 4, and 5 have been synthesised and their photophysical properties have been studied. The lowest energy (emissive) excited state of the complexes 3-5 is dominated by ligand centered 3(π→π*) triplet states, as observed in their ligands. Efficient white-polymeric light-emitting diodes (PLED) were fabricated as a single active layer containing blue emitting poly (9,9-bis(2-ethylhexyl)fluorine-2,7-diyl) endcapped with bis(4-methylphenyl) phenylamine (PF2/6am4), and yellow-orange emitting from Iridium complex 4. The fluorene-like ligands in the blended device prevent phase segregation and also enhance energy transfer from the polymer host to the guest due to efficient overlap of wavefunction (Dexter process) and host singlet emission and guest absorption bands (Förster process) which reduces the loading level required to produce white emission. The two emitted colours complement each other and doping levels between 2% to 3% produce white emission. Above a certain current density depending on the doping level the device CIE coordinates become bias independent and a stabilised white emission can be obtained. A white emission PLED (coordinate (0. 348, 0.367) of peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 2.8%, and luminance of 16000 cd/m2) at applied voltage of 5V (ie. 4.57 cd/A) was obtained, device CIE coordinates become bias independent and a stabilised white emission can be obtained. A white emission PLED (coordinate (0. 3477, 0.3667) of peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 2.8%, and luminance of 16000 cd/m2 at applied voltage of 5V (ie. 4.57 cd/A) was obtained.