BASED ON SITUATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION THEORY, PREVENTING AUTO-BATTERY THEFTS WITH PROBLEM-ORIENTED POLICING MODEL AND SARA PROBLEM SOLVING METHOD


Bozdemir A., İzgi B.

BALKAN ACADEMY OF FORENSIC SCIENCES 14th ANNUAL SCIENTIFIC MEETING, İstanbul, Turkey, 5 - 08 October 2023, pp.144

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.144
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

BASED ON SITUATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION THEORY, PREVENTING AUTO-BATTERY THEFTS WITH PROBLEM-ORIENTED POLICING MODEL AND SARA PROBLEM SOLVING METHOD Arif Bozdemir 1, Belgin İzgi 2 1Bursa Uludag University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science, Forensic Science, Bursa, Turkey 2Bursa Uludag University, Science and Art Faculty, Department of Chemistry, Bursa,Turkey 502240008@ogr.uludag.edu.tr Background and aim: Combating crime is a two-pronged effort, involving preventive activities to avoid crimes from occurring and investigative elucidate crimes after they happen and bring the perpetrators to justice. The Broken Windows Theory, Rational Choice Theory, Routine Activities Theory, and Situational Crime Prevention Theory are crime theories that offer effective perspectives to law enforcement units combating crime on the streets, models such as Community-Oriented Policing, Problem-Oriented Policing (POP), and COMPSTAT. The POP employs the problem-solving method known as SARA (Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment), serves as a valuable guide during the activities of law enforcement units in crime prevention. In our presentation, we will discuss our study at preventing auto battery theft based on the POP and share two significant examples of its outcomes. Method and material: The study utilized POP and SARA. Data from property crimes that occurred in the last year were categorized. Among these crime categories, auto battery theft was addressed, and an action plan was prepared for its prevention and investigation. As part of this action plan, various materials such as UV pens, labels, brochures were procured, and training and promotional meetings were organized, culminating in a three-month long study Conclusion: After the study, 7 batteries were found in the trunk of a van, and noticing the label placed on them, the owner of the battery was reached. Subsequently, upon discovering that the apprehended individual was involved in battery theft, they confessed to stealing the other batteries from various locations. In another incident, our auto theft team encountered a labeled battery at a second-hand auto parts store. Collaborating with the relevant team, they traced the owner of the battery and determined that the vehicle was stolen, dismantled, and sold, leading to the capture of the criminals Discussion: Security units should take various steps based on the Situational Crime Prevention Theory, POP and SARA to address and prevent recurring problems, and these efforts should persist until the problem is resolved. Keywords: Forensic Science, Problem-Oriented Policing, SARA, Battery The