THE CORRELATION BETWEEN FRUIT MORPHOLOGY AND SEED CHARACTERISTICS IN EGGPLANT SEED PRODUCTION


Basay S.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.29, no.4, pp.2184-2190, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Title of Journal : FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Page Numbers: pp.2184-2190

Abstract

In Turkey, various studies are done about eggplant which is one of the most grown vegetables. Egg-plant seed studies are one of them. The seed is an extremely important agricultural input which directly affects the productivity upper limit that can be achieved in plant production and indirectly affects the productivity levels of all the other inputs used in the production process. Seed production requires more technical knowledge than normal cultivation. Therefore, one of the most challenging issues for producers in organic agriculture is organic seed procurement. Our aim in this study was to determine the correlation of the morphological characteristics of the fruit (fruit weight, fruit length, fruit diameter) with seed weight per fruit (g) and the number of seeds per fruit in the Pala-49 eggplant type which was cultivated in organic and conventional ways. The study was carried out with 3 replications and 10 plants in each replication according to the Randomized Parcels Trial Pattern. As a result of the evaluation of the morphological characteristics of seed production, in terms of fruit weight, fruit size, and fruit diameter and by production method and by years, the highest values were achieved as 372.616 g, 20.80 cm, and 6.90 cm respectively in the first year of the conventional production and the highest values in the seed weight per fruit and the seed number per fruit parameters were achieved as 7.93 g and 2004 units respectively in the year II of the conventional production. In addition, a positive correlation was found between fruit weight and fruit size and also between fruit weight and seed weight per fruit in both production methods and in both years.