Lipase immobilization and production of fatty acid methyl esters from canola oil using immobilized lipase


Yucel Y., Demir C., Dizge N., KESKİNLER B.

BIOMASS & BIOENERGY, vol.35, no.4, pp.1496-1501, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.12.018
  • Title of Journal : BIOMASS & BIOENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.1496-1501

Abstract

Lipase enzyme from Aspergillus oryzae (EC 3.1.1.3) was immobilized onto a micro porous polymeric matrix which contains aldehyde functional groups and methyl esters of long chain fatty acids (biodiesel) were synthesized by transesterification of crude canola oil using immobilized lipase. Micro porous polymeric matrix was synthesized from styrene divinylbenzene (STY-DVB) copolymers by using high internal phase emulsion technique and two different lipases, Lipozyme TL-100L (R) and Novozym 388 (R), were used for immobilization by both physical adsorption and covalent attachment. Biodiesel production was carried out with semi-continuous operation. Methanol was added into the reactor by three successive additions of 1:4 M equivalent of methanol to avoid enzyme inhibition. The transesterification reaction conditions were as follows: oil/alcohol molar ratio 1:4; temperature 40 degrees C and total reaction time 6 h. Lipozyme TL-100L (R) lipase provided the highest yield of fatty acid methyl esters as 92%. Operational stability was determined with immobilized lipase and it indicated that a small enzyme deactivation occurred after used repeatedly for 10 consecutive batches with each of 24 h. Since the process is yet effective and enzyme does not leak out from the polymer, the method can be proposed for industrial applications. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.