Potential of the entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema feltiae, S-weiseri and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora for the biological control of the sugar beet weevil Bothynoderes punctiventris (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)


Susurluk A.

JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE, vol.81, no.4, pp.221-225, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10340-008-0209-x
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.221-225
  • Keywords: Biological control, Bothynoderes punctiventris, Entomopathogenic nematodes, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, Steinernema feltiae, Steinernema weiseri, Sugar beet weevil, DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES, HOST, MOVEMENT, TURKEY, SAND

Abstract

The sugar beet weevil, Bothynoderes punctiventris Germ. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is one of the most damaging pests of sugar beets in Turkey and has been traditionally controlled by application of large amounts of insecticides. The current study used laboratory microcosms to evaluate the possibility of using entomopathogenic nematodes as an alternative control method. The nematodes Steinernema feltiae (strain TUR-S3), Steinernema weiseri (BEY) and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (TUR-H2) had previously been isolated from Turkey. Nematode-induced mortality generally increased as soil temperature increased from 15 to 25 degrees C but decreased when larvae were located deeper in soil. Heterorhabditis bacteriophora caused the highest larval mortality at 25 degrees C at all depths (5-20 cm). Steinernema feltiae and S. weiseri were more effective than H. bacteriophora at 15 degrees C at all depths. Increasing the application rate of infective nematode dauer juveniles (DJs) affected the number of DJs that penetrated each insect larva and the number of DJs produced per insect. The highest production of DJs per larva occurred at application rates of 50 DJs/larva for S. feltiae and S. weiseri and 100 DJs/larva for H. bacteriophora. Reproduction decreased again at higher application rates. Heterorhabditis bacteriophora had the highest reproductive capability. The results indicate that S. feltiae and S. weiseri might be more effective against this pest early in the growing season when soil temperature is low and that H. bacteriophora might be more effective later in the season when temperature increases.