Effects of NaOH treatment on condensed tannin contents and gas production kinetics of tree leaves


Canbolat Ö. , Ozkan C. O. , Kamalak A.

ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.138, no.2, pp.189-194, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 138 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2007.06.024
  • Title of Journal : ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.189-194
  • Keywords: tree leaves, tannin, NaOH treatment, gas production, HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE, SODIUM-HYDROXIDE, CALCIUM-OXIDE, DIGESTIBILITY, GOATS, SHEEP

Abstract

Effects of NaOH treatment on the crude protein (CP), condensed tannin (CT) and in vitro gas production kinetics of leaves of Arbutus andrachne, Glycyrrhiza glabra L. and wheat straw were determined. Wheat straw, which is tannin-free, was used as the standard. The NaOH treatment was completed by pulverization of samples with 0, 20,40,60 and 80 g/L of NaOH solution in the proportion of I L of solution to I kg of sample. Gas production was determined at 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h of incubation. NaOH treatment linearly decreased (P<0.001) the CT contents of leaves of Arbutus andrachne and Glycyrrhiza glabra L. whereas NaOH treatment had no effect on the CP contents of Arbutus andrachne, Glycyrrhiza glabra L. and wheat straw. The 80 g/L NaOH treatment reduced the CT content of leaves of Arbutus andrachne and Glycyrrhiza glabra L. by 59.6% and 86.7%, respectively. NaOH treatment linearly decreased (P<0.01) gas production rate of Arbutus andrachne although it linearly increased (P<0.01) gasproduction rate of wheat straw. In contrast, NaOH treatment had no effect on gas production rate of leaves of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. NaOH treatment linearly decreased (P<0.001) potential gas production of leaves of Arbutus andrachne and Glycyrrhiza glabra L. whereas NaOH treatment linearly increased (P<0.001) potential gas production of wheat straw. Treatment with NaOH can be used to improve the nutritive value of tannin-free forages such as straw, but not for tanning-containing leaves. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.