Instruction-based selective action pattern (IBSAP): a novel methodfor talent identification in sports

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Sağdilek E., Şahin Ş.

PEDAGOGY OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS, vol.23, no.5, pp.246-253, 2019 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.15561/18189172.2019.0506
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.246-253
  • Keywords: auditory reaction times, cognitive skills, motor skills, perception, table tennis, talent identification, TABLE-TENNIS, MOTOR-SKILLS, PERFORMANCE, PROGRAMS
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: Talent identification/development programs are utilized by sports federations to select or train elite

athletes. In addition to the established tests that assess perceptive and motor skills, it was deemed

significant that cognitive skills should be evaluated as well. The present study was undertaken to assess

the utility of Instruction-Based Selective Action Pattern (IBSAP), a novel method that we developed, in

estimating perceptive, motor as well as cognitive skills of athletes in order for talent identification. We

also investigated the relationship between IBSAP and auditory reaction times (ARTs).

Material: Forty-three students (average age: 12.6 years) participated in the study. Random/fixed-interval ARTs

were recorded. IBSAP was applied using a table tennis robot that was set up to throw 30 balls in three

different colors to different spots on the table with a frequency of 1 ball/s. The subjects were instructed to

ignore the white balls, to touch the yellow balls, and to catch the pink balls before the first trial and their

scores were calculated in two consecutive trials according to a scoring system.

Results: Our results showed that motor learning, adaptation and reinforcement of the participants were

significantly greater in second trial compared with the first trial and that IBSAP values were correlated

with ARTs.

Conclusions: We conclude that the IBSAP method reliably provides quantitative data on perception, motor as well as

cognitive skills and it can be considered as a useful tool for talent identification.

Keywords: auditory reaction times, cognitive skills, motor skills, perception, table tennis, talent identification.