Concentrations and gas/particle partitioning of PCBs in Chicago


Tasdemir Y., Vardar N., Odabasi M., Holsen T.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, vol.131, no.1, pp.35-44, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 131 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envpol.2004.02.031
  • Journal Name: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-44
  • Keywords: PCBs, gas-particle partitioning, back trajectory, TSP, ATMOSPHERIC POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS, POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS, LAKE-MICHIGAN, ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS, GREEN BAY, DRY DEPOSITION, GREAT-LAKES, GAS-PHASE, VAPOR-PRESSURE, AMBIENT AIR
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Thirty seven air samples were collected in Chicago, IL from June to October 1995 and analyzed for gas and particle concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Lower molecular weight (MW) PCBs dominated the samples and on average 95% of the Sigma(50)PCB concentration (gas + particulate) was in the vapor phase. Sigma(50)PCB concentrations were classified based on prevailing winds (lake and land). The Sigma(50)PCB concentration varied between 0.42 and 5.21 ng/m(3) (1.80 +/- 1.70 ng/m(3)) for lake and 0.53 and 8.31 ng/m(3) (2.41 +/- 2.15 ng/m(3)) for land wind directions. Back trajectory analyses suggested that SW of Chicago can be an important local or regional source sector for PCBs. Partitioning between gas and particulate phases was modeled using the Junge-Pankow model. The measured particle phase concentrations for low MW PCBs were lower than those predicted by the model while the opposite was observed for high MW PCBs. Plots of gas/particle partition coefficient (log K-p) vs. subcooled liquid vapor pressure (log p(L)(0) had reasonable correlations for individual samples but the slope varied among the samples. Samples that originated from over the lake had higher slopes than samples that originated from over the land. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.