LUNG, vol.185, no.5, pp.309-314, 2007 (SCI-Expanded)
The aim of this study was to compare serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) with those of nonapneic controls and to determine the risk factors of low IGF-1 levels in patients with OSAS. The study included 39 newly diagnosed moderate-to-severe OSAS patients and 36 nonapneic controls. Overnight polysomnography (PSG) was performed in all patients. The circulating levels of IGF-1 in the OSAS group were significantly lower than those of the control group (p < 0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between IGF-1 and logarithmic transformation (Ln) of the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), duration of apnea-hypopnea, arousal index, average desaturation, and oxygen desaturation index (ODI). The result of stepwise regression analyses showed that OSAS (p = 0.001) was a risk factor for a low IGF-1 level, independent of age, gender, and body mass index (BMI). Our findings demonstrated that there was a significant negative correlation between IGF-1 and Ln AHI and that OSAS reduced the circulating levels of IGF-1.