THE √3 RECTANGLE IN ISLAMIC GEOMETRIC PATTERNS


ŞAHİN H. B., TAPAN BROUTIN M. S.

SYMMETRY, vol.34, no.3, pp.231-249, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.26830/symmetry_2023_3_231
  • Journal Name: SYMMETRY
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Index Islamicus, zbMATH
  • Page Numbers: pp.231-249
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this research, eleven different six-fold Islamic geometric patterns were analyzed geometrically, and the geometric relationships between the patterns were revealed. In the context of the Girih mode, the contributions of the small pattern mold constructed by using the symmetry axes to the geometric analysis of the patterns are emphasized. Patterns were considered whole, and small pattern molds were found using axes of symmetry. We have demonstrated that the rectangles of the small pattern mold of the six-fold patterns are root 3 rectangle. This rectangle is one of the mathematical concepts used in Islamic geometric patterns.