IMPACT OF WEFT YARN TYPE AND FABRIC WEFT DENSITY ON BURNING BEHAVIOR, TEARING STRENGTH AND AIR PERMEABILITY FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF ANTIBACTERIAL DRAPERY FABRICS


ÇEVEN E. K. , KARAKAN GÜNAYDIN G., ÇEVEN N.

TEKSTILNA INDUSTRIJA, vol.69, no.1, pp.4-16, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5937/tekstind2101004k
  • Journal Name: TEKSTILNA INDUSTRIJA
  • Journal Indexes: Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.4-16

Abstract

Drapery fabrics are textile products utilized for home and decorative textiles. Recently there have been new functional requirements for the drapery fabrics such as flame retardancy, antimicrobial efficiency, UV protection, etc. This study has been conducted to investigate the effect of weft yarn type and weft density on drapery fabrics’ burning behaviour, tearing strength and air permeability properties. “A special inherent-ly flame-retardant yarn” was used as the warp and weft yarns of the woven drapery fabrics while “a special inherently and antibacterial yarn” was also used as the weft yarn in some of the sample groups. Two main fabric groups each consisting of 12 woven drapery samples with different weft yarns and weft densities were separately evaluated among themselves by using SPSS Statistical software package and bar graphs. Burning behaviours of the samples in terms of damage length and damage width with the ignition source were satisfying both for the drapery samples with the special inherently flame-retardant weft yarn as well as those with the special inherently flame retardant and antibacterial yarn weft yarns. In other words, usage of inherently flame retardant and antibacterial yarn as the weft yarns did not contribute negatively to the flame retardancy of drapery fabrics. The results of the two-way ANOVA test indicated that weft yarn type was a significant factor for tearing strength in warp and weft wise while weft density and the interaction of weft yarn type and weft density factors were non-significant factors on tear strength values in warp and weft wises at significance level of 

0.05. Additionally, correlation analyses revealed that weft yarn tenacity values were highly correlated with the drapery fabrics’ weft tearing strength values. Moreover, weft yarn type, weft density and their interaction were influential factors on air permeability of the drapery fabrics at significance level of 0.05.