Simultaneous removal of NH4+, H(2)PO(4)(- )and Ni-2(+) from aqueous sMark solution by thermally activated combinations of steel converter slag and spent alumina catalyst


Kadirova Z. C. , Hojamberdiev M., Bo L., Hojiyev R., Okada K.

JOURNAL OF WATER PROCESS ENGINEERING, vol.8, pp.151-159, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

Industrial wastes (spent alumina catalyst and steel converter slag) were utilized to prepare low-cost inorganic sorbents by thermal activation at temperatures ranging from 500 to 1000 degrees C. According to the results of X-ray diffraction analysis, high-temperature thermal activation of mixtures of spent alumina catalyst and steel converter slag in different ratios leads to the formation of new crystalline phases. The Ni2+, H2PO4- and NH4+ sorption properties of the prepared samples were investigated in separate batch experiments, employing initial analyte concentration of 10 mmol L-1. The steel converter slag samples calcined at 500 degrees C and 900 degrees C and the mixed sample (70% spent alumina catalyst and 30% steel converter slag) calcined at 1000 degrees C exhibited maximum ion sorption capacities of 3.56 mmol Ni2+ g(-1), 3.28 mmol H-2 PO4+ g(-1) and 2.21 mmol NH4+ g(-1), respectively. The principal mechanisms of Ni2+ sorption were the substitution of Ca2+ ions by Ni2+ ions, precipitation at high pH and sorption on Fe3O4 and SiO2 surfaces present in the samples. The H2PO4-sorption was due mainly to the formation of calcium phosphates and sorption on Fe2O3 and SiO2 surfaces, whereas the removal of NH4+ involved sorption on Al2O3 surfaces of the prepared samples. The results of the kinetics calculations showed that a second-order kinetic model offers a good fit for the present experimental data. The materials prepared from low-cost industrial wastes in this work have the ability to simultaneously remove NH4+, H-2 PO(4)(-)and Ni2+ ions from aqueous solution. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.