Second law based thermoeconomic analysis of combined cycle power plants considering the effects of environmental temperature and load variations

Unver U., Kilic M.

International Journal of Energy Research, vol.31, pp.148-157, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/er.1239
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Energy Research
  • Page Numbers: pp.148-157


Cost analysis has a significant importance to obtain the optimum marketing price of the product of thermal systems to maximize the benefit and/or minimize the cost. Thus, this paper focuses on the investigation of the magnitude of the change in costs with respect to load and environmental temperature variations. To achieve the objective, a useful and simple second law based thermo-economic model with instant access to production costs is introduced and generalized. The presented exergy costing method indicates that the cost of reversible power is the theoretically minimum cost, where the reversible power is the theoretical maximum power that can be gained from a thermal system. The analysis has been applied to a combined cycle power plant, which is located in Bursa/Turkey. The effects of load and environmental temperature variations on costs are discussed and presented. Without considering the load effect, the cost of net electric power varied from 29 to 32$ MW-1 h-1, and about 40-45% of the cost of net electric power is composed of cost of irreversibility, while its 55-60% of it is the cost of reversible power. It is shown that the augmentation in the costs are not continuous with the environmental temperature decrease. In addition, there is an extremum at the temperature range between 5 and 10°C. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.