Nerves Innervating Articular Capsule of Elbow Joints in Turkish Shepherd Dogs (Karabas - Kangal), Curly Sheep and Native Hair Goats: An Anatomic Study


YILMAZ B., BAHADIR A.

KAFKAS UNIVERSITESI VETERINER FAKULTESI DERGISI, vol.15, no.6, pp.835-840, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Title of Journal : KAFKAS UNIVERSITESI VETERINER FAKULTESI DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.835-840

Abstract

This study was performed to map the sensible nerves (n.) innervating articular capsule of elbow joints in Turkish shepherd dog (Karabash-Kangal), curly sheep (ovis aries) and native hair goat (capra hircus) and to demonstrate the interspecies variations. Five adult Turkish shepherd dogs, curly sheeps and native hair goats each of different genders were used. Rami articulares of the nerves innervating articular capsule of elbow joints were dissected after routine cadaver preparation methods. Macroscopic and subgross examination revealed that articular capsule of elbow joints was innervated by radial, median, ulnar and musculocutaneous nerves. The number and directions of branches of the nerves ending at articular capsule were as follows: one craniolateral in all species for radial nerve; one cranial in Turkish shepherd dog and one craniomedial in curly sheep and native hair goat for median nerve; one medial in Turkish shepherd dog and one caudomedial in curly sheep and native hair goat for ulnar nerve; and two cranial in Turkish shepherd dog and one cranial in curly sheep and native hair goat for musculocutaneus nerve. As a conclusion, we observed that the number of rami articulares innervating articular capsule was higher in Turkish shepherd dog and native hair goat than in curly sheep. This difference is likely the result of the more athletic body structure and the capacity to move faster of these species than the curly sheep.