Molecular dynamics simulation of compressible hot/cold moving lid-driven microcavity flow


Kandemir I., Kaya A. M.

MICROFLUIDICS AND NANOFLUIDICS, vol.12, pp.509-520, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10404-011-0892-4
  • Title of Journal : MICROFLUIDICS AND NANOFLUIDICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.509-520

Abstract

Hard-sphere molecular dynamics simulations of lid-driven microcavity gas flow with various subsonic speeds and lid temperatures are conducted. Simulations with faster and colder lids show streamlines of stronger primary vortices. Variations of mass and energy centers with respect to lid speed and temperature are examined. Center of energy is less sensitive to employed lid conditions than center of gravity is. Although moving lid imparts energy into fluid, due to change of impingement rates on the walls of fixed temperature, average energy within the cavity seems quite insensitive to the subsonic lid speed. Behavior of compressibility at both top corners is observed even at low Mach numbers widely considered within incompressible flow region. While high Knudsen number causes considerable property slips near the lid, two-dimensional pressure, density, and temperature plots of excellent quality are generated. Results are promising in use of molecular dynamics simulations for compressible vortex flow analyses while providing insights for understanding microfluidics and nanofluidics in context of molecular mass, momentum and heat transfer in microscale and nanoscale systems.