Performance analysis of axial and reverse flow cyclone separators

Sakin A., KARAGÖZ İ. , AVCI A.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND PROCESSING-PROCESS INTENSIFICATION, vol.144, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 144
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cep.2019.107630
  • Keywords: Two phase flow, Separation efficiency, Pressure drop, CFD, PRESSURE-DROP, DIMENSIONS, FIELD


Performance characteristics of a novel cyclone with tangential inlet were presented in axial and reverse flow operation modes. 3-D and unsteady governing equations were used for the numerical solution of the two-phase turbulent flow in the cyclone separator. The Eulerian approach was used to solve the flow field, and the Reynolds Stress Model (RSM) with the scalable wall function was employed for the numerical study. The Lagrangian approach with the Discrete Phase Model was used to calculate the discrete phase by releasing particles from the inlet surface. CFD calculations were run for different geometric configurations to analyze the performance of the cyclones regarding pressure drop, cut-off diameter, and fractional efficiency. Axial and tangential velocity profiles are presented at the defined sections. The computational results of pressure drop, velocity field, and separation efficiency were also compared for the axial and reverse flow cyclones at the same flow rate. The results show that pressure drop and collection efficiency in reverse flow mode are higher than that of the axial flow operation. However, axial flow cyclones seem to be more efficient for small particles comparing to reverse flow cyclones.