Analysis of predictive and preventive factors for access complications associated with vascular closure devices in complicated endovascular procedures


Gonen K. A. , HAKYEMEZ B. , Erdogan C.

JAPANESE JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11604-021-01165-x
  • Title of Journal : JAPANESE JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY

Abstract

Purpose The main goal is to evaluate the effectiveness of angioseal and starclose vascular closure devices (VCDs) in high-risk patients under intensive anticoagulation who require therapeutic angiographic procedures and to discuss which factors are important in complications associated with VCDs. Materials and methods Medical records of the patients who underwent therapeutic complex interventional vascular procedures were reviewed retrospectively. One hundred sixty-six patients were divided into two groups regarding VCDs used for access-site closure after the procedure: group 1, (angioseal); group 2, (starclose). Data including patients' demographics and comorbidity information, procedural characteristics, and complications were analyzed. Results The device deployment success rate was 100%. For the procedural characteristics, there was no significant difference between the groups except access site (P = 0.016) and sheath size > 6F (P = 0.0001). No major complications had occurred in none of the patients. Minor complications including hematoma, access-site pain, and access-site infection, except prolonged hemostasis did not differ significantly between groups. The patients' demographic and periprocedural factors were not significantly correlated with the development of complications. Conclusion Contrary to published reports, our study showed that demographic and periprocedural factors may not be responsible for the vascular access-site complications associated with VCDs.