Geographical distribution of ticks in Turkey


Aydin L., Bakirci S.

PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH, vol.101, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00436-007-0694-5
  • Title of Journal : PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH

Abstract

Turkey's tick fauna is composed of about 32 species in two families and ten genera in mammals, reptiles, and birds. The ticks of veterinary significance in the family Ixodidae comprise seven genera with 28 different species. Ixodes spp. are mostly seen in northern Turkey. It is likely that the high rainfall and the intensive forest in this area may contribute to this observation. To date, the following species have been found to be sporadically present: Amblyomma variegatum in Hatay province (border to Syria), Boophilus kohlsi in southeastern Turkey (border of Syria), Ornithodorus in Central and East Anatolia, and Otobius megnini in East Anatolia (Malatya Province). Ticks of the genera Haemaphysalis, Hyalomma, Boophilus, Dermacentor, Rhipicephalus, and Argas are widespread throughout Anatolia. Thus, their role in the epidemiology of important human and livestock diseases such as Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Lyme disease, and diseases caused by hemoparasites needs to be examined in greater detail.