Aerodynamic Analysis of a Passenger Car at Yaw Angle and Two-Vehicle Platoon

Altinisik A., YEMENİCİ O., UMUR H.

JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, vol.137, no.12, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 137 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1115/1.4030869
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: automotive aerodynamics, drag coefficient, pressure distribution, blockage effect, yaw angle, platoon, MODEL, RANS
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Experimental and computational studies were performed to study the drag forces and the pressure distributions of a one-fifth scale model FIAT Linea at increasing yaw angle and two-vehicle platoon. Experiments were performed in the Uludag University Wind Tunnel (UURT) only for the yaw angles of 0 deg, 5 deg, and 10 deg due to the test section dimensional restriction. Supplementary tests were performed in the Ankara Wind Tunnel (ART) to evaluate the aerodynamic coefficients up to yaw angle of 40 deg. The test section blockage ratios were 20% and 1%, respectively, in the UURT and ART tunnels. The blockage effects for the yaw angles up to 10 deg were studied by the comparison of two wind tunnel results. The aerodynamic tests of two-vehicle platoon were performed in the ART tunnel at spacings of "x/L" 0, 0.5, and 1. Static pressure distributions were obtained from the model centerline and three vertical sections. In the numerical study, three-dimensional, incompressible, and steady governing equations were solved by STAR-CCM+ code with realizable k-e two-layer turbulence model. Experimental and numerical C-p distributions and C-d values were found in good agreement for considered yaw angles and two-vehicle platoon. Maximum drag coefficient was obtained at yaw angle of 35 deg for both experimental and numerical calculations. The two-vehicle platoon analysis resulted with the significant drag coefficient improvement for the leading car at spacings of x/L = 0 and 0.5, while for the tail car drag coefficient remained slightly above the vehicle in isolation.