Characterization of bovine rotavirus isolates from diarrheic calves in Türkiye


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Ates O., YEŞİLBAĞ K.

Molecular Biology Reports, vol.50, no.4, pp.3063-3071, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-022-08169-4
  • Journal Name: Molecular Biology Reports
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.3063-3071
  • Keywords: Cattle, Bovine rotavirus, Virus isolation, RT-PCR, Genotyping PAGE, MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION, CELL-CULTURE, STRAINS, HEMAGGLUTINATION, CLASSIFICATION, GENOTYPES, G6
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.Background: Neonatal calf diarrhea, which is the most common cause in calf deaths, leads to significant economic losses in dairy farming around the world. Diarrhea develops due to infectious and non-infectious reasons. Group A Rotaviruses (RVA) are the leading and predisposing factor for acute neonatal gastroenteritis. Methods and results: In this study, 20 diarrheic fecal samples were collected from one farm in Balıkesir province of Turkey. During virus isolation, a total of 2 stool samples were detected to produce cytopathogenic effects in MA-104 cell line. The two samples (RV-36, RV-38) were tested positive with antigen ELISA kits detecting RVA antigens. In order to detect the presence of rotavirus viral nucleic acid in cell supernatants, VP6 gene region-specific RT-PCR test was performed and the samples RV-36 and RV-38 were positive for RVA viral nucleic acid. By RT-PCR using genotype specific primers, both the isolates RV-36 and RV-38 formed amplicons compatible with G10 and P[11] genotypes of RVA. RVA nucleic acids segments were also visualized by poliacrilamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) method. The phylogenetic tree constructed according to the VP6 gene region showed that these isolates were in the Rotavirus A group and in the I2 cluster same as other bovine and some human RVA isolates. Conclusion: Succesful isolation of RVA G10P[11] was echieved in the cattle farm. As rotaviruses play the most important role in the etiology of diarrhea in newborn calves respected genotype G10P[11] should be considered in selection of the vaccines applied to the dams. Those isolates can be further evaluated as vaccine candidate.