Biological control of postharvest diseases of peaches and nectarines by yeasts


Karabulut O., Baykal N.

JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY-PHYTOPATHOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, vol.151, no.3, pp.130-134, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

Biocontrol activities of a total of 103 yeast isolates were tested against postharvest diseases of peaches. Seven isolates, with the best efficacy in reducing the number of infected wounds or lesion sizes of Penicillium expansum and Botrytis cinerea , were selected for further large-scale experiments. In large-scale experiments, all selected isolates were significantly effective (P less than or equal to 0.05) in reducing the number of infected wounds and the diameter of lesions caused by P. expansum , B. cinerea , and Monilinia fructicola . DR52 was significantly superior to all the other yeasts in effectiveness against all three pathogens. The efficacy of the other yeast antagonists against B. cinerea and P. expansum was almost equal, while the control of M. fructicola was inferior. DR52 was selected for further storage experiment because its efficacy was higher against the three pathogens and it also showed a different random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction pattern compared with other isolates. DR52 was identified by Centraalbureau voor Schimmeelcultures (Baarn, The Netherlands) as Kloeckera apiculata. K. apiculata completely controlled both pathogens after 30 days of storage. Its efficacy declined to an 83.4% reduction in B. cinerea incidence and an 87.5% reduction in P. expansum incidence after 45 days of storage.