Methionine, cysteine, and butylated hydroxytoluene enhance cryosurvival of ram semen on post-thaw and post-incubation time points

Toker M. B., Doğan İ.

Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol.55, no.3, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11250-023-03642-z
  • Journal Name: Tropical Animal Health and Production
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Antioxidants, Cryopreservation, DNA integrity, Incubation resilience, Ram semen
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Despite there have been many experiments conducted about antioxidants, the best sole or combination use of antioxidants to include as a standard ingredient to freezing extenders is yet to be found. This study was designed to investigate the different doses of methionine (2.5 and 5 mM), cysteine (1 and 2 mM), and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) (1 and 2 mM) for ram semen cryopreservation on post-thaw and post-incubation (6 h) time points over spermatological parameters. Semen samples were collected from Kivircik rams via electro-ejaculator in breeding season. After essential spermatological evaluations, appropriate samples were pooled then split into 7 equal aliquots to create study groups (antioxidant free control, 2.5 mM methionine, 5 mM methionine, 1 mM cysteine, 2 mM cysteine, 1 mM BHT, and 2 mM BHT). Semen samples were put into French straws (0.25 mL), and freezing procedure (two-step) was conducted via a programmable gamete freezer. At both time points, motility, HOST, PSA-FITC, and TUNEL assays were made to discover the impacts of cryopreservation and incubation process over sperm cells. Antioxidant supplemented groups yielded better results compared to the control groups in terms of various spermatological parameters not only at post-thaw time point but after incubation for 6 h of time. The study demonstrated that supplementing sperm freezing extenders with previous antioxidants may create new approaches to cryopreservation procedures, and through increasing success rate of freezing, fertility results may increase to better results in near future.