Atmospheric deposition of organochlorine pesticides by precipitation in a coastal area


CİNDORUK S. S. , Ozturk E.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.23, no.24, pp.24504-24513, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 24
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-016-6697-y
  • Journal Name: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.24504-24513
  • Keywords: OCPs, Wet, Dry deposition, Rainwater concentration, Flux, Persistent organic pollutants, POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS, POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS PCBS, AIR PARTITION-COEFFICIENT, DRY DEPOSITION, AMBIENT CONCENTRATIONS, ORGANIC-CHEMICALS, INDUSTRIAL SITE, WET DEPOSITION, WATER EXCHANGE, SUBURBAN SITE
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Wet deposition fluxes of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were determined for rain samples collected in a coastal area of Turkey. Seventeen precipitation samples were collected over a 1-year period from 2008 to 2009. Rainwater was accumulated at the beginning of rain events using real time monitoring. Atmospheric concentrations were also measured in parallel with deposition samples. Both atmospheric concentrations and deposition fluxes were determined as particle and gas phases. The particle phase and dissolved phase deposition fluxes were 794.26 +/- 756.70 ngm(-2) day(-1) and 800.77 +/- 672.63 ngm(-2) day(-1), respectively. The washout ratios for OCP compounds were calculated separately for the particle and dissolved phases using the atmospheric concentrations and rain concentrations. The minimum washout ratio for the particle phase was 2339.47 for Endrin aldehyde, whereas the maximum washout ratio was 497593.34 for Methoxychlor. The maximum washout ratio for the dissolved phase was 247523.89 for Endosulfan beta, whereas the minimum washout ratio was 10169.69 for p,p'-DDT. The dry deposition velocities ranged from 0.01 to 1.67 cms(-1). The partitioning of wet deposition between the particle and dissolved phases was 50 % in terms of total OCP deposition.