THE LOVE OF THE FAMILY OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD AND KERBELA IN THE DIVAN OF MURAD EMRI EFENDI, WHO IS FROM BURSA


Oztahtali İ. İ.

TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI, no.57, pp.85-97, 2011 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 57
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Name: TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.85-97
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Murad Emri Efendi was born in 1850 in the central region of Greece, today known as Larissa and in the Ottoman period was named as the town of Tirnova in the city of Yenisehir Fenar, and immigrated to Bursa in 1882. The Ottoman State's policy of expansion and establishment in the Balkans led to the formation of a deep-rooted Turkish culture in this area. Bektashism is an important aspect of this culture. Bektashism, quite commonly seen among Raider and Janissary units, was transferred into a life culture and became a tradition over time among the Balkan Turks. Murat Emri Efendi was 32 years old in 1882 when he migrated to Bursa and grew up in the Bektashi culture. Following his migration to Bursa, Emri Efendi also had overtones of this culture. One of the most prominent chapters in Murat Emri Efendi's Divan is "elegiac poetry" included at the beginning of his Divan. All the poems included in this chapter treat the love of Ahl al-Bayt and the event of Kerbela. While Murat Emri Efendi warmheartedly expressed his feelings including laying down his life for the sake of the love of Ahl al-Bayt, the deep sadness he felt for the Kerbela martyrs turned into great anger toward Yezid. Murad Emri Efendi served the people and the culture of Bursa as a journalist, poet, educator-writer, librarian, book-seller and a publisher for long years. In this study Murad Emri Efendi's life is briefly examined and his love of the family of the Prophet Muhammad and his view of 'Kerbela' in Emri's Divan were interpreted. Murad Emri Efendi, who produced work with special colour special odour just like a wild rose in the 19th century, made colourful conributions with his works like Divan-i Murad Emri, Tahmis-i Terkib-i Bend-i Ziya Pap, Ihya-yi Asar-i Eslaf (Tahmislerim), Mudhikat-i Dehr, Alacah Defter-Hatirat ye Bursa Thermals to Bursa cultural life in his period, and attracted attention with the newspapers of Fevaid, Sanayi and Bursa, which himself prepared and published, and with countless articles and writings in them. Murad Emri Efendi, who was careful to use plain Turkish in his works, died in Bursa in 1917. His grand granddaughter Nilufer Alpman still lives in the county of Mudanya in Bursa.