Effects of Vacuum Steaming Process on the Twist Liveliness of Staple Yarns


FIBRES & TEXTILES IN EASTERN EUROPE, vol.21, no.5, pp.49-53, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.49-53
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


During yarn formation by spinning, fibres are bent into approximately helical shapes and tension is created Twisted yarns tend to untwist because of this tension. When twisted yarn tension is slackened, the yarns usually get coupled as loops and twisted in the reverse direction forming snarls. This situation is called the twist liveliness of the yarn. Yarn twist liveliness properties should be taken into account during the manufacturing process, and necessary precautions should be taken in order to avoid or minimise problems likely to occur during the subsequent processes. Today setting yarn twists on vacuum steaming machines is the most widely used method of decreasing twist liveliness values of yarns in this study, the effects of vacuum steaming processes and other parameters on the twist liveliness of 100% cotton, 100% viscose and 100% polyester yarns were investigated For this purpose, yarns with different twisting coefficients and numbers were twisted and subjected to vacuum steaming at different temperatures and for different durations according to their raw material properties. Twist liveliness values of these yarns were measured before and after vacuum steaming and the results obtained were assessed by means of SPSS statistics software. Variation analyses and SNK (Student Newman Keuls Tests) tests were carried out at a 5% (0.05) level of significance. As a result of this study, it can be concluded that the vacuum steaming temperature, raw material, the amount of twist, and yarn number have a significant effect on twist liveliness values of yarns.