Increasing the selectivity of the discriminative stimulus effects of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol: complete substitution with methanandamide


Alici T., Appel J.

PHARMACOLOGY BIOCHEMISTRY AND BEHAVIOR, vol.79, no.3, pp.431-437, 2004 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 79 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pbb.2004.08.020
  • Journal Name: PHARMACOLOGY BIOCHEMISTRY AND BEHAVIOR
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.431-437

Abstract

In an attempt to increase the selectivity of the discriminative stimulus effects of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), rats were trained to discriminate 3.2 mg/kg of this compound from a group of "other" drugs consisting of morphine (3.2 mg/kg), PCP (2.5 mg/kg), and vehicle. Acquisition of the Delta(9)-THC-other discrimination was rapid (38 days) and did not differ significantly from that of a group of "control" animals trained to discriminate Delta(9)-THC (3.2 mg/kg) from its vehicle (33 days). In substitution (generalization) tests, a high dose of anandamide, which also severely decreased response rate, substituted partially in both the control and the Delta(9)-THC-other group; (R)-methanandamide, an analog of anandamide which is metabolized more slowly, substituted completely for Delta(9)-THC in the control, and partially in the Delta(9)-THC-other group; neither pentobarbital nor diazepam substituted completely for Delta(9)-THC under any experimental condition. Regardless of the level of Delta(9)-THC lever responding, all drugs except diazepam substituted less in the Delta(9)-THC-other than in the control group. For this reason, the Delta(9)-THC-other training procedure might be described as being more selective than the commonly used drug-no drug procedure. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.