Ultrasonographic and macroscopic comparison of the thickness of the capsule, corium, and soft tissues in bovine claws: an in vitro study


Cecen G. , SALCI H. , Intas D. S. , Celimli N., ÇALIŞKAN G. Ü.

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, vol.16, no.1, pp.107-112, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.4142/jvs.2015.16.1.107
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-112
  • Keywords: bovine claw, ultrasound, DAIRY-CATTLE, SOLE HORN, ULTRASOUND, LAMINITIS, BEEF, COWS

Abstract

This study aimed to compare thickness of the capsule, corium, and soft tissues measured ultrasonographically and macroscopically in selected regions of bovine claws. A hundred and twenty claws (n = 120) of 15 healthy Holstein bovines were obtained. After cleaning the claws, ultrasonographic measurement of the capsule, corium, and soft tissues was performed while submerging the claws in a-water bath. Macroscopic measurements were taken after cutting of the claws axially. These values were compared statistically. According to the macroscopic measurements, the mean thickness standard deviation (SD) of the capsule for dorsal wall and sole was 6.2 +/- 0.1 and 9.5 +/- 0.4 mm, respectively. The thickness of the corium and soft tissues for dorsal wall and sole was 4.5 +/- 0.1 and 5.3 +/- 0.1 mm, respectively. Ultrasonographically, the mean thickness SD of the capsule for dorsal wall and sole was 4.7 +/- 0.1 and 7.8 +/- 0.3 mm, respectively. The thickness of the corium and soft tissues for dorsal wall and sole was 4.3 +/- 0.1 and 5.9 +/- 0.2 mm, respectively. Findings demonstrated that ultrasonography can be reliably to measure of the thickness of the hoof capsule, corium, and soft tissue in bovine claw.