Comparative Analysis of Major Hospital Fires

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Şimşek Z. , Akıncıtürk E. N.

Nwsa, vol.7, no.2, pp.532-543, 2012 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Title of Journal : Nwsa
  • Page Numbers: pp.532-543


Both in terms of their functions and occupancy characteristics, hospitals require special design criteria and safety measures. Protection of users and ensuring their safety is important during a fire and during the follow-up phases of to sustain treatment of patients. Hospital fire is a disaster that is frequently encountered today as was the case in the past. With advances in treatment and care conditions in hospitals it is considered that fire safety measures are more likely to develop in the light of technological advances in these buildings. Adapting the measures to be taken by examining the factors causing the start and spread of these fires to existing and new hospitals will help preventing new disasters and ensuring safety of hospitals and patients. For this purpose similar aspects of “Bursa Şevket Yılmaz Hospital fire” where 9 patients died and “Cleveland hospital fire” where 121 patients died are explained and the progress of the measures within this time period is discussed. This analysis will help to correct the deficiencies that affect the start and spread of fire and to design hospitals with fire safety.