Prepulse inhibition based grouping of rats and assessing differences in response to pharmacological agents


Oral S., GÖKTALAY G.

NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS, vol.755, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 755
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.neulet.2021.135913
  • Title of Journal : NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS

Abstract

Schizophrenia modeling by disrupting prepulse inhibition (PPI) is one of the most frequently used psychopharmacological methods by administering pharmacological agents to stimulate disruption. However, since PPI is also a biological indicator of schizophrenia, it is possible to classify subjects based on their basal PPI values and group them as "low inhibition" and "high inhibition without taking any pharmacological agent. Therefore this study was conducted to show that rats can be divided into groups in terms of susceptibility to schizophrenia according to basal PPI values. It was also observed that these groups might give different responses to different pharmacological agents (apomorphine, amphetamine, MK-801, scopolamine, nicotine, caffeine). Male Sprague Dawley rats (250-350 g) were used in the study. To examine the effects of different pharmacological agents on the groups, apomorphine (0.5 mg/kg and 1 mg/kg), amphetamine (4 mg/kg), MK-801 (0.05 mg/kg and 0.15 mg/kg), scopolamine (0.4 mg/kg), nicotine (1 mg/kg) and caffeine (10 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg) were used. Amphetamine showed a disruptive effect on PPI in both low and high inhibitory groups, while apomorphine, MK801, scopolamine, and nicotine showed PPI decrease only in the high inhibitory group. Besides, caffeine decreased PPI levels at two doses in the high inhibitory group; however, 10 mg/kg dose caffeine was increased only in the low inhibitory group. According to the data obtained from this study, rats can be grouped with baseline inhibition values by using PPI, and response differences of pharmacological agents to groups may vary.