Surface roughness analysis of greater cutting depths during hard turning

MURAT D., ENSARİOĞLU C., Gursakal N., ORAL A., Cemal M. C.

MATERIALS TESTING, vol.59, no.9, pp.795-802, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.3139/120.111074
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.795-802
  • Keywords: Hard turning, machinability, surface roughness, cutting parameters, response surface methodology, WORK TOOL STEEL, PREDICTION MODEL, CARBIDE INSERTS, EDGE-GEOMETRY, PARAMETERS, MACHINABILITY, PERFORMANCE, D2, INTEGRITY, FINISH
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Literally, hard machining describes machining of parts having hardness over 45 HRC. Besides its advantages like high metal removal rate, easiness of adapting to complex part geometries, possibility of dry cutting; this operation, which can substitute grinding in most cases, has some disadvantages. One of them is the significant increase of surface roughness due to tool wear even when the tool life limit is not exceeded. In this study, considering hard turning praxes, higher depths of cut (0.5 to 1.0 mm) were examined when dry turning AISI D2 cold work tool steel, through-hardened to 62 HRC. TiN coated mixed ceramic inserts (Al2O3 + TiCN) were employed in the operations. Relationship between surface roughness and cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed and depth of cut) was modeled and analyzed using a Box-Behnken response surface methodology (RSM) design. A linear model best described this relationship. Despite the higher depths of cuts, the surface roughness values achieved were comparable to those in grinding operations. Finally, the optimal values of cutting parameters for minimum surface roughness were predicted.