Reflections of the Marshall Aid and the USA: Fakir Baykurt’s Amerikan Sargısı (American Bandage)


Dinçer F.

ISTANBUL AYDIN UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDIA, CULTURE AND LITERATURE, vol.7, no.1, pp.43-59, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

This paper attempts to analyze how Fakir Baykurt depicts his own ideas and

feelings through the peasants’ reactions in a village in Ankara, Turkey towards

the aids provided by the Marshall Plan and American culture in his novel

Amerikan Sargısı (1967). He draws the picture of Turkey in the 1960s which

faces the Democratic Party ruling Turkey and the acceptance of the Marshall

Plan, officially named the European Recovery Program within the scope of which

Turkey was provided with assistance. Baykurt focuses on nationalism from his

ideological perspective, and the importance of keeping national sources safe

because he is worried about Turkey to become Americanized. He emphasizes the

importance of maintaining Turkish national identity from the risk of dissolution

in the American culture. Baykurt considers the Marshall Aid as a threat to the

national values and independence of the country. The novel will be explored

under the light of some major ideas of developmentalism and dependency

theories and these concepts will be discussed. These theories, the Plan and the

Party era will be briefly introduced to have a background for the discussion the

novel.