Turbulent flow between two discs contra-rotating at differential speeds


Kilic M. , Gan X., Owen J.

Proceedings of the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, Hague, Neth, 13 - 16 June 1994, pp.1-8 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • City: Hague, Neth
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-8

Abstract

This paper describes a combined computational and experimental study of the turbulent flow between two contra-rotating discs for -1 ≤ Γ ≤ 0 and Reφ ≈ 1.2 × 106, where Γ is the ratio of the speed of the slower disc to that of the faster one and Reφ is the rotational Reynolds number. The computations were conducted using an axisymmetric elliptic multigrid solver and a low-Reynolds-number k-ε turbulence model. Velocity measurements were made using LDA at nondimensional radius ratios of 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 0.85. For Γ = 0, the rotor-stator case, Batchelor-type flow occurs: there is radial outflow and inflow in boundary layers on the rotor and stator, respectively, between which is an inviscid rotating core of fluid where the radial component of velocity is zero and there is an axial flow from stator to rotor. For Γ = -1, anti-symmetrical contra-rotating discs, Stewartson-type flow occurs with radial outflow in boundary layers on both discs and inflow in the viscid nonrotating core. At intermediate values of Γ, two cells separated by a streamline that stagnates on the slower disc are formed: Batchelor-type flow and Stewartson-type flow occur radially outward and inward, respectively, of the stagnation streamline. Agreement between the computed and measured velocities is mainly very good, and no evidence was found of nonaxisymmetric or unsteady flow.