Results of the Use of Micafungin in Newborns


Cakir S. C. , ÇELEBİ S. , ÖZKAN H. , Koksal N. , Dorum B. A. , YEŞİL E. , ...More

MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI, vol.53, no.1, pp.70-80, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.5578/mb.67599
  • Title of Journal : MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI
  • Page Numbers: pp.70-80
  • Keywords: Invasive candidiasis, candidemia, micafungin, newborn, INFECTIONS, MANAGEMENT, GUIDELINE, PREMATURE, DIAGNOSIS, INFANTS, VALUES

Abstract

Invasive candidiasis is a common and serious infection in premature newborns. Preventing and treating fungal infections is very important to improve the prognosis of premature infants. Fluconazole and amphotericin B are used as the first choice in the treatment of invasive fungal infections of the newborns. In some cases, fluconazole and amphotericin B cannot be used due to nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity or resistant strains. Micafungin, which is among recently developed echinocandins, is the drug of choice in these cases. The use of micafungin in newborns is new and there is a limited experience about the effect of high dose usage in the central nervous system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the electronic files of patients who used micafungin for the treatment of culture-proven or possible invasive fungal infection during their hospital stay in the neonatal intensive care unit during a 24-month period (2016-2017) in the third-level intensive care unit. A total of 15 patients (10 premature and 5 term babies) were included in the study. The mean birth weight of the patients was 1732 +/- 999 g and the mean gestational age was 32.2 +/- 5.8 weeks. All patients had long-term intensive care and increased risk of invasive candidiasis infection. Central venous catheterization and multiple antibiotics usage were the most common risk factors in these patients. The other risk factors included intubation, total parenteral nutritional use and surgical procedure application. Candida species were isolated from the cultures of four patients. Candida species isolated from patients were Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida catenulata, Candida parapsilosis. The mean time for onset of micafungin was 29.9 +/- 16.6 days. Mean duration of micafungin therapy was 22.4 +/- 11.2 days. Eight patients received amphotericin B, three patients received fluconazole therapy and four patients did not receive any antifungal therapy before the onset of micafungin. None of these patients had an abnormal kidney or liver function tests due to micafungin use. As a conclusion, high dose (10 mg/kg/day) micafungin is a safe and effective treatment choice both in the treatment of neonatal culture proven or probable invasive candida infections that were caused by refractory Candida strains, and in the case of nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity.