Effect of the Direct Renin Inhibitor Aliskiren in the Prevention of Experimental Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in the Rat

Kedrah A. E., Ari E., ÖZEN ALAHDAB Y., Gul C. B., Macunluoglu B., Atakan A., ...More

KIDNEY & BLOOD PRESSURE RESEARCH, vol.35, no.6, pp.425-430, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000336104
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.425-430
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Renal vasoconstriction, activated by the reninangiotensin system, plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, for the prophylaxis of experimental CIN in the rat. Methods: Thirty-two Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups of 8 rats each, namely the control (C), aliskiren (A), contrast media (CM) and aliskiren plus contrast media (ACM) groups. Aliskiren was given orally at a dose of 50 mg/kg/day once daily for 5 consecutive days. CIN was induced by intravenous administration of indomethacin, N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester and high-osmolar contrast medium meglumine amidotrizoate. Renal function parameters, kidney histology and tubular expression of vascular endothelial growth factor were determined. Results: Mean serum creatinine was significantly lower (p < 0.001) and mean creatinine clearance was higher (p < 0.001) in the ACM group compared with the CM group. However, there were no differences between the ACM and CM groups in terms of tubular necrosis, proteinaceous casts, medullary congestion and vascular endothelial growth factor expression. Conclusion: Our preliminary data seem to suggest a potential role of aliskiren for the prophylaxis of CIN in an experimental rat model. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel