The Combined Effect of Melatonin Implant and Removal of Buck Seminal Plasma on Cryopreservation During the Nonbreeding Season

ÜSTÜNER B., ÜSTÜNER H., GÖKÇE E., Onder N. T., YILMAZ M., Huraydin O., ...More

BIOPRESERVATION AND BIOBANKING, vol.21, pp.327-335, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/bio.2022.0074
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.327-335
  • Keywords: buck seminal plasma, melatonin implant, cryopreservation, mitochondrial membrane potential, DNA integrity, EGG-YOLK, RAM SPERMATOZOA, MEMBRANE INTEGRITY, GOAT SPERMATOZOA, SEMEN, FREEZABILITY, VIABILITY, QUALITY, DETERIORATION, PARAMETERS
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


This study aimed to determine how melatonin (MT) and seminal plasma affected the freezability of buck sperm during the nonbreeding season. Semen was collected from eight bucks before (pre-MT) and after (post-MT) MT application in the nonbreeding season. Individual ejaculates were collected from the bucks, split into two equal groups according to the removal of seminal plasma (SP) (-) or nonremoval of SP (+). For washing, the groups of ejaculates were centrifuged, and the supernatant was separated, SP (-) and SP (+) ejaculates were diluted, then frozen. Semen samples were examined for sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity, defective acrosomes, DNA fragmentation, and mitochondrial membrane function at the native and post-thaw stages. When the general average post-thaw motility (p < 0.01), plasma membrane (p < 0.05), acrosome (p < 0.05), and DNA integrity rates (p < 0.05) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) (p < 0.01) were evaluated, it was seen that MT administration caused a statistically significant improvement. The dramatic effect of nonremoval of seminal plasma on motility and plasma membrane integrity is more clearly observed in individual semen samples frozen in the pre-MT group (p < 0.05). Also, it was observed that removing seminal plasma in the post-MT group caused even milder post-thaw acrosome damage compared with the SP (+) group (p < 0.05). The effect of removing seminal plasma was not observed in terms of DNA integrity and MMP rates in pre- and post-MT groups. As a result, it was concluded that MT application and removal of seminal plasma in the nonbreeding season result in improvement in the freezability of buck semen.