Şâtıbî’nin (öl. 590/1194) Ḥırzü’l-emânî’de (eş-Şâṭıbiyye) Tażʻîf Ettiği Vecihler ve Bu Vecihlerin Günümüz Kıraat Tedrisatı Pratiğine Yansıması


Başal A.

CUMHURIYET THEOLOGY JOURNAL, vol.2, no.26, pp.699-716, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2 Issue: 26
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.18505/cuid.1147097
  • Journal Name: CUMHURIYET THEOLOGY JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, ATLA Religion Database, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), Index Islamicus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.699-716
  • Keywords: Recitation, Shatibi,.irz al-amani (al-Shatibiyya), Wajh, Lighten, Commentator
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Abu Mu.ammad al-Qasim b. Farru. al-Shatibi (d.590/1194) took his place in history as one of the most distinguished recitation scholars who emerged from the al-Andalus Islamic civilization. S_h_a.ibi left al-Andalus and settled in Cairo due to some political pressure he faced in the later phases of his life. In addition to the dozens of students he trained, he authored many works in the field of recitation and has become one of the authority figures in the science of recitation with his works. His poems, especially those he composed based on the works of Abu.Amr al-Dani, another recitation scholar who is from al-Andalus, were considered reference works in terms of recitation science both in the periods when they were written and in later times. Shatibi's work in this respect, and perhaps the most complimented one is.irz al-amani wa wajh al-tahani in which he poetizes Dani's work called al-Taysir fi 'l-qira.at al-sab. which contains the differences among seven recitations. It was written to memorize the differences among the seven qira.at (al-qira.at al-sab.a) easily and has been one of the primary sources of recitation teaching from history to the present. This article deals with the determination of some aspects that S_h_a.ibi considers weak in his poetic work.irz al-amani and their situation in the practice of recitation education. It is understood that Shatibi defined these aspects openly, occasionally with expressions such as not being credible and not being reliable, and occasionally indirectly with expressions such as inconsistent and unstable. It is seen that there are eight of these wujooh in total, two of which are about pronunciation differences and six of which are about farshi differences. In this respect, the article primarily deals with the wujooh with a dual classification as pronunciation differences and farshi differences, as is often observed in classical works written for the variances in recitation. Then, on the one hand, how these aspects were processed by the important scholars of the field of recitation, such as Ibn Mujahid (d. 324/936), Makki b. Abu.alib (d.437/1045), Abu.Amr al-Dani and Ibn al-Jazari (d.833/1429) and on the other hand, the interpretation of.irz al-amani by its commentators has been conveyed. Considering numerous commentaries on this poem and the volume of the article, not all the commentaries mentioned at this point were consulted, and the most reliable commentaries among them were taken as the basis. To clearly reflect the situations of these aspects both in the past and in the modern period, attention has been paid to the fact that some consist of classical commentaries, and some belong to the modern period. According to this,.Alam al-Din al-Sakhawi's (d.643/1245) Fat. al-wasi., Abu S_h_ama al-Maqdisi's (d.665/1267) Ibraz al-ma.ani and Abu Is.aq al-Ja.bari's (d.732/1332) Kanz al-ma.ani are the classical commentaries of the article;.Ali Mu.ammad al-.abba.s (d. 1380/1961) Irshad al-murid, and.Abd al-Fatta. al-Qa.i's (d.1403/1982) al-Wafi are the commentaries of the modern period. Lastly, the article tries to reveal the situation of these aspects in the practice of recitation teaching activities carried out in Turkiye and the Arab world. Within the framework of all these examinations, it has been seen that Shatibi did not only content himself with the narrations that reached him in his work, but also passed these narrations through a sound filter and made evaluations about them. In this respect, it has been concluded that he hit the mark in his analysis of the relevant aspects.