Acne vulgaris (AV) is a common skin disease that is treated both with dermatologists and family physicians (FPs) with different strategies. To assess the antibiotics that are frequently preferred in AV treatment, and the differences between the FPs and dermatologists in treatment were investigated. The physicians were informed about the study, and sent over the internet a multiple-choice questionnaire that consists of 29 questions in total. Afterwards, the answers provided were compared. 201 dermatologists and 147 FPs participated in the study. Dermatologists were found to have preferred topical erythromycin, nadifloxacin, clindamycin, and tetracycline, and systematically doxycycline and azithromycin in adult patients, whereas the FPs were found to have preferred mupirocin, fusidic acid (FA), and oxytetracycline, and systematically tetracycline. Dermatologists were found to have recommended topical clindamycin and erythromycin in pregnant/breastfeeding AV patients, whereas the FPs were found to have recommended FA. Dermatologists were found to have continued the antibiotics for 8 to 12 weeks, whereas the FPs were found to have continued for 1 to 4 weeks. The dermatologists preferred systemic antibiotics in cases with back involvement, moderate to severe AV, and that the FPs preferred them in severe AV. The dermatologists considered that the use of antibiotics alone or long-term were important factors causing antibiotic resistance. There were significant differences between the approaches of dermatologists and FPs to AV treatment. FPs were found to have insufficient information about prevention of antibiotic resistance. Therefore, we think that the continuous training of FPs on dermatology will be beneficial.