Oxidative stress in common variable immunodeficiency

Basaranoglu S. T., Cekic S., Kirhan E., Dirican M., Kilic S. Ş.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INFLAMMATION, vol.19, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/20587392211002411
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: anti-oxidant system, common variable immunodeficiency, oxidative stress, REGULATORY T-CELLS, ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES, FREE-RADICALS, PLASMA, MODULATION, BIOMARKERS, DISORDERS, DISEASES, SUBSETS, UPDATE
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogenous group of immunologic disorders of unknown etiology. Alterations of the normal cellular balance due to an increase in reactive oxygen species and/or decrease in antioxidant defense may lead to increased oxidative stress. We aimed to evaluate the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with CVID who had different presentations. We investigated the serum catalase (CAT), erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), erythrocyte reduced glutathione as antioxidants and serum malondialdehyde levels as lipid peroxidation marker in patients with CVID in Uludag University Hospital Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology's outpatient clinics. In the analysis, there were 21 patients and 27 matched healthy controls. The median levels of CAT in patients with CVID was significantly lower than in healthy controls (p = 0.04). Among the patients with CVID, 19% had autoimmune disease, one had Sjogren's syndrome, one had autoimmune alopecia, one had juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and one had chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Patients with autoimmune complications had significantly lower CAT levels compared to the ones without autoimmune diseases (p = 0.03). The patients without non-infectious complications (NICs) had lower SOD levels than the patients with NICs (p = 0.05). The analysis of oxidative stress markers in the patients with CVID suggested a series of abnormalities in the anti-oxidant system. The clinical syndrome associations may be a useful tool for future studies to set prediction markers for the prognosis of patients with CVID.