Adsorption of Cr(III), Ni(II), Zn(II), Co(II) ions onto phenolated wood resin

Kara A. , Acemioglu B., Alma M. H. , Cebe M.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.101, no.5, pp.2838-2846, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.23055
  • Page Numbers: pp.2838-2846


In this study, phenolated wood resin was used an adsorbent for the removal of Cr(III), Ni(II), Zn(II), Co(II) ions by adsorption from aqueous solution. The adsorption of metal ions from solution was carried at different contact times, concentrations and pHs at room temperature (25 degrees C). For individual metal ion, the amount of metal ions adsorbed per unit weight of phenolated wood resin at equilibrium time increased with increasing concentration and pH. Also, when the amounts of metal ions adsorbed are compared to each other, it was seen that this increase was order of Cr(III) > Ni(II) > Zn(II) > Co(II). This increase was order of Cr(III) > Ni(II) > Co(II) > Zn(II) for commercial phenol-formaldehyde resin. Kinetic studies showed that the adsorption process obeyed the intraparticle diffusion model. It was also determined that adsorption isotherm followed Langmuir and Freundlich models. Adsorption isotherm obtained for commercial phenol-formaldehyde resin was consistent with Freundlich model well. Adsorption capacities from Langmuir isotherm for commercial phenol-formaldehyde resin were higher than those of phenolated wood resin, in the case of individual metal ions. Original adsorption isotherm demonstrated the monolayer coverage of the surface of phenolated wood resin. Adsorption kinetic followed the intraparticle diffusion model. The positive values of Delta G degrees determined using the equilibrium constants showed that the adsorption was not of spontaneous nature. It was seen that values of distribution coefficient (K-D) decreasing with metal ion concentration in solution at equilibrium (C-e) indicated that the occupation of active surface sites of adsorbent increased with metal ions. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.